SCWPM P20a TBB B119b 200 Shilingi Tanzanian Banknote Uncirculated UNC (1992)
NB: Image for identification, the serial number you receive may differ if I have more than one
||The Banknote Book
||Prefix / Suffix
|P20a TBB B119b JR 200 shilingi (1992) UNC
|Torch at left. Coat of Arms. President Ali Hassan Mwinyi. Fishermen carrying catch. Map of Tanzania with islands on back. Solid security thread. Printer: TDLR. Signatures: Stephen A. Kibona & Gilman Rutihinda.
|Tags: #Commonwealth#animals#Mwinyi (suggest tags)
The name Tanzania is derived from Tanganyika, Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia, the latter being the three islands off the coast of Tanzania. Dodoma became the official capital instead of Dar-es-Salaam.
The early history includes the oldest known footprints (Laetoli 3.6 million years ago) of the immediate ancestors of human beings. The Olduvian gorge in Northern Tanzania has been called the cradle of mankind. Only 10,000 years ago, the Khoisan speakers (hunter-gatherers) were absorbed into the Cushitic-speaking groups, and essential crops and cattle farming began. Later, Nilotic people arrived (e.g. Maasai)in the first centuries BC and AD. These are only a fraction of the comings and goings, of course.
In the nineteenth century, Burton and Speke investigated the area from the U.K. and the famous meeting of David Livingstone (the antislavery missionary) with H.M Stanley, a reporter for Gordon Bennett's New York Herald, occurred at Ujiji. The Germans established what grew into German East Africa. The British took it during the First War "for safe-keeping" until 1961 when full independence was achieved.
The Banknotes of Tanzania are comprised of a straightforward series;
The whole Tanzanian issue from 1961 to 2003 has come from Thomas De La Rue.
(Loud cheers from his birthplace, Guernsey, where they have erected a bronze statue of this exemplary British entrepreneur.) and therefore, the notes are of the standard that we would expect. From 2003 and then on, the banknotes are from the German firm Giesecke & Devrient, who, although fine printers themselves, have placed the obligatory extra security features on the banknotes in an unsympathetic way, detracting from the fine engravings of President Julius Nyerere, and the native animals, not forgetting the House of Wonder on the reverse of the 5000 shillings.
Admittedly, the security devices serve their purpose as the cost of forgeries would be prohibitively high. They also left off the head of the giraffe, which was featured on the previous De La Rue issue. I believe that the only type of giraffe in Tanzania appears to be Rothschild's giraffe; did you know there are only half a dozen varieties of giraffe which enjoy only a few minutes of sleep each day?
The 1966 issues have a fine balance with a younger portrait of President Julius Nyerere on the right, the watermark of the giraffe's head at the left and the national coat of Arms betwixt them. This started with the five shilling note, which was optimistic; at that early stage, President Nyerere was sure his Socialist revolution would change the economy. He "encouraged" the isolated tiny farm to group into villages ( from 1962 onwards), eventually incorporating the Army in the effort of 'friendly persuasion' where 'pure reason' was insufficient.
However, it transpired the Tanzanian farmers were, at heart, independent subsistence farmers and eventually (1973), although Nyerere announced that all rural Tanzanians would have to live in villages by the end of 1976, the emphasis on group farming was dropped in favour of villagers planning their productions in concert.
Eventually, by 1976, the whole experiment was "buried" as a failure, and the Government started unravelling the process quietly.
The five shillings banknote stopped at signature one, whereas the following two banknotes (10/-, 20/-) ran up to signature (e). "Aha", you cry triumphantly, But what about the first 100 shilling note - that could not be a victim of inflation!"
Nor was it - however, many Tanzanians were irked that a Maasai herdsman was featured on the reverse. The Maasai were the only people allowed to cross freely over the border with Kenya, and it was reckoned that there were slightly more Maasai in Kenya. To many Tanzanians, these people were not proper citizens: the Maasai spoke an ancient Nilotic tongue and, in their verbal history, claimed to have left the Nile delta area seven hundred years before. To many Tanzanians, they did not seem committed Tanzanian citizens. So in came the new 100 shilling note with the lion, leopard, and Rothschild's giraffes in the background. Everyone was happy, including the giraffes, accustomed to straying across the border with Kenya!
Eleven years after the first issue and thirteen years after the year of independence, it was considered time to drop the English translation of the Bank's name. It had probably been considered as an implication of financial backing, real or imaginary, from the ex-colonial power to maintain confidence in the issue. By this time, somebody thought it was an anachronism; Tanzania was not a wealthy nation, and the inhabitants were aware of the fact, but it did not prohibit them from having their currency. So, through 1977-1978, the new issues rolled out with a slightly older and somewhat perplexed-looking Nyerere but with more African-style patterns, lively and looser, and showing more confidence. The five shilling note was dropped and replaced by coinage, and the notes were now titled in Swahili. The banknotes were trotted out three signatures and then dropped back to the signature three pairing.
The 1985 issues show an older and wiser Nyerere looking astounded, perhaps because the printers did not include the islands of Mafia, Pemba and Zanzibar on the map. There was a tyre factory scene on the reverse of the purple and brown twenty shilling note, a brick-making scene on the deep orange fifty shilling note, and a graduation scene on the reverse of the blue & purple shilling note. This unfortunate mistake made it a Tanganyikan series rather than a Tanzanian series. So, it was hastily replaced by the 1986 issues (Pick 12-14) with the missing islands included. The series reverted to the signature three pairings; signature three is 'on a roll', but can it return yet again?
And yes, the signature three pairing is back on the series 1986 to 1990 (Pick 15 to 18).
This series carries President Mwinyi's portrait, but Rothschild's giraffe haunts the watermark, looking slightly sleepy, but we all know why now! The designs of the notes are very similar to 12-14, apart from the portrait; one point you would spot is that the 20 shilling comes only in the early issues and is dropped for the signature seven pairing in favour of a coin. The World Paper Money Catalogue suggests there was an overlap when the 1989 to 1992 series was issued, which seems odd; generally, one does not want two similar note issues competing as there could be a loss of confidence if the populace considers one or other issue a forgery. It's a puzzle.
The 1989 to 1992 issue gives Mwinyi's portrait improved engraving around the eyes and a sharper hairstyle but retains the Rothchild's giraffe in the watermark, extending the series to 500 and 1,000 shillings.
The 1993 and 1995 series are smaller notes, with the 100 shillings used to honour Nyerere's birth date. The 50 and 100 shillings have, exclusively, the signature pair. 9.
The 1997 series is very important as it realises the giraffe motif has legs and long ones at that! You could be forgiven for thinking that Rothschild's giraffe was now the President as he occupies that spot on the note. The denominations run from 100 shillings to 10,000 shillings; we are also treated to the Peoples Bank of Zanzibar. The year 2000 gives a Nyerere return, now looking older and white-haired.
The 2003 issue runs from 500 shillings to 10,000 shillings; Nyerere fronts the 1,000 shilling note with beautiful animals such as water buffalo, lion, rhinoceros and elephant, fronting the 500, 2000, 5,000 and 10,000 shilling notes, respectively. The five security features are intaglio printing, two signatures, a security window thread with BOT 2003, a stripe, a 3-dimensional watermark with highlight and a perfectly transparent register.
The 2010 issue runs from 500 to 10,000 shillings; Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume, the first president of Zanzibar, fronts the 500 shillings. Nyerere fronts the 1,000; then a Lion, Rhino and Elephant front the 2,000, 50,000 and 10,000 shillings, respectively. The watermark is now Nyerere with an electrotype of the denomination; there is a 'Motion' security thread with an image that moves when the note is tilted. In addition there is a diamond-shaped 'Spark' patch on the back with a Giraffe Head. The banknotes are smaller than the previous series and have two signatures on each note.
In 2011, The Bank announced a signature change and that the 2,000, 5,000 and 10,000 shilling notes had changed from a 'Motion' security thread to a 'Rolling Star' windowed security thread. The 'Rolling Star' changes colour, and the image changes when the banknote is tilted.
Tanzania is an excellent country to study. Not all of the notes are easy to locate, but when you find them, the price is very reasonable, considering the scarcity of each banknote.
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